A lot of diseases are nowadays much less common than before thanks to vaccines. Newborn vaccines are really important because of this, and they are a must-have in many countries. However, these vaccine-preventable diseases are not gone away for good. From time to time an outbreak of some of these diseases might occur everywhere in the world.
There’s a big controversy today about vaccines and their influence on humans. However, there is no formal proof showing that newborn shots are doing more harm than good to us. Also, more babies get sick if fever babies get vaccinated.
It is proven that vaccines prevent certain diseases. This is why we give newborn shots to our kids and the way we build their immune systems. Here are the vaccine-preventable diseases we get vaccinated against:
Diphtheria (DTap Vaccine)
Diphtheria is a disease that was deadly for about 15,000 Americans each year before we discovered the vaccine shot for it. The symptoms and signs pointing at diphtheria are hard breathing. This condition is caused by a thick coating in the back of the throat. The condition will often lead to paralysis, breathing problems, and heart failure.
Tetanus (DTaP Vaccine)
Tetanus is a disease that kills 1 out of every 10 people who get it. You can get tetanus simply by cutting yourself with a rusty nail, which is very unfortunate. Painful tightening of the muscles is usually the most common symptom pointing at tetanus. This pain is usually present all over the body. Difficulties opening the mouth and swallowing are also some of the symptoms, followed by the jaw stiffness.
Pertussis (DTaP Vaccine)
The death caused by pertussis is usually common among babies under the 3 months of age. This is why this disease is considered as very dangerous for infants and why the vaccination is necessary. Violent cough is the most common symptom. This then results in difficulties eating, drinking, and breathing. The symptoms can last for weeks. The condition is very dangerous since it can lead to brain damage, seizures, pneumonia, and even death.
Haemophilus influenza type b (HiB)
The greatest risks for Hib disease have children under 5 years of age. Some of the common symptoms are shortness of breath, cough, stiff neck, headache, and fever. However, in mild cases, there might not even be any symptoms or signs. The disease is very dangerous since it can lead to brain damage, infections of the covering of the heart, bones, joints, blood, sinuses, and ears; pneumonia; meningitis – spinal cord and brain coverings infection; deafness; and difficulties breathing.
The statistics show that hepatitis b leads to cancer and liver damage in 1 out of every 4 children that are chronically infected. The common symptoms are jaundice, vomiting, diarrhea, tiredness, muscle pain, stomach pain, and joints pain. However, sometimes there could be no visible symptoms pointing at the disease. Some people can be infected by hepatitis B without even knowing, but they will still be able to infect others.
Polio is the disease that paralyzed about 15,000 Americans every year in the 1950s. Newborn vaccines changed this in 1961 when the vaccine was introduced. One of the symptoms can be an illness similar to flu, but there might not be any signs at all. Polio usually leads to permanent or partial paralysis. It also leads to death if the infected have difficulties breathing due to the disease.
The statistics show that 1 out of every 15 kids will die from pneumococcal meningitis. The symptoms are usually chest pain, cough, chills, and fever. Rash, seizures, and meningitis are usually common if the condition happens to infect an infant. The disease will usually lead to meningitis; brain damage; deafness; pneumonia; and infections of the blood, sinuses, and ears.
Small kids will usually get most of these diseases from adults or other children – usually because the transmitter does not even know he is infected. For example, some babies get infected with hepatitis B at birth if the mother was infected previously. As mentioned above, tetanus will enter the baby’s body through a wound or a cut – it’s not spread from person to person.
Recommended Ages and Doses
All newborn vaccines have their schedule and the doctors know when your child should get the shot. Here is the list with the number of doses and the usual schedule:
- DTaP vaccine (diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis)
Recommended Ages: 2 months, 4 months, 6 months, 15-18 months, 4-6 years
- Hepatitis B
Recommended Ages: Birth, 1-2 months, 6-18 months
Recommended Ages: 2 months, 4 months, 6-18 months, 4-6 years
- Haemophilus influenza type b (HiB)
Recommended Ages: 2 months, 4 months, 6 months, 12-15 months
Doses: Three or four
- Pneumococcal (PCV13)
Recommended Ages: 2 months, 4 months, 6 months, 12-15 months
Your baby’s pediatrician might recommend that your child should get several vaccines given at the same time. These are also known as combination newborn shots. You don’t have to panic since doing this is safe and your baby will just have to go through fewer vaccines later.
Are all Vaccines Safe?
Usually, the vaccines are 100% safe for all children and they can safely get them. However, there are a few exceptions.
- If your baby is severely or moderately ill on the vaccination day you will probably be asked to go home and come back once the child feels better. However, a mild cold or similar illness won’t be a problem and your child will probably be able to take the shot.
- You need to tell the doctor giving the vaccine to your baby is it ever has had a life-threating allergic reaction to that particular shot. If this is the case, your child probably won’t be given another shot of the same vaccine ever again.
- If there’s a substance in the vaccine you know that your child has a life-threating allergic reaction to, be sure to tell that to the doctor. Make sure you are aware of any severe allergies your child might have.
- You have to talk to your baby’s doctor before giving DTaP vaccine to it for the second time (if there’s an allergic reaction after the first shot of DTaP). Tell your doctor if your baby had any of these symptoms:
- A fever over 105 deg F
- A collapse or seizure
- Non-stop crying for 3 hours or more
- A nervous system or brain disease within 7 days
Also, be sure to tell your doctor about any allergic reactions after a dose of DTaP when you are preparing your child for the PCV13 vaccine.
Vaccine Reaction Risks
As you probably already know, every medicine has a possibility of side effects and so do vaccines. However, these will usually go away on their own and are considered to be mild. Most reactions to vaccines are not dangerous at all: mild fever is present; redness, tenderness, and swelling on the shot’s location may also happen too. The reaction happens very soon after your newborn gets the shot and they disappear in about a day or two. Depending on the vaccines, the reactions might sometimes occur more often.
HiB, Hepatitis B, and Polio vaccines usually cause very mild reactions, you probably won’t even notice it most of the time.
Other Problems with Certain Vaccines
DTaP vaccine might cause loss of appetite and tiredness; fussiness; vomiting; leg or arm swelling; seizure; persistent crying; fever over 105 deg F; long term seizures; lower consciousness; permanent brain damage; and coma. These newborn vaccines are a must-have in almost all countries in the world.
The pneumococcal vaccine might cause fever over 102 deg F; fussiness; drowsiness; and temporary appetite loss. These newborn shots are usually given to all kids, too.
Serious Allergy Reaction – What to do if there’s any?
Pay attention to any symptoms that might concern you such as unusual behavior, high fever, or a severe allergic reaction. A severe allergic reaction usually has symptoms such as swelling, breathing difficulties, and hives. Infants might also experience sleepiness, fever, or loss of appetite.
Do not let anything to chances and call 911 if you think your child has a severe allergic reaction. If you are unable, make sure to get to the nearest hospital as soon as possible. Otherwise, call your baby’s doctor.
Baby Planet Overview
Vaccines are important for our well-being. It is a proven fact and something we can’t deny. However, there are certain risks and concerns regarding vaccines, but the side effects are extremely rare. We as a population benefit a lot if we are all vaccinated since we protect each other if we are. This is why vaccinating your kids is extremely important – it helps to maintain a healthy population and decreasing the risk of infecting other children with life-threating diseases.
Don’t be afraid if your child has any of the above-mentioned symptoms. Just consult with your baby’s pediatrician to determine if the condition is normal or if there’s a need to something about it.
- Vaccine responses in newborns, ncbi.nlm.nih.gov